Nuestra docente e investigadora, Gisselle Vila, candidata a Doctora en Geografía por la Clark University, ha publicado recientemente el artículo Natures of concern: The criminalization of artisanal and small-scale mining in Colombia and Peru en la Revista The Extractive Industries and Society.
Law enforcement against illegalmining and the formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sharesimilar challenges, yet research has examined both as separate policy arenas.Overcoming this limitation, I trace ASM criminalization to uncover how thisdivision is drawn. I unpack this process as a frontier moment in resourceregime change, relating transformations in ASM governance to the fragilehegemony of large-scale mining (LSM) in Andean states. Drawing from Gramscianand Foucauldian approaches to political ecology, I introduce natures of concernto analyse how environmental degradation hierarchies are created to stabilizecrisis episodes. I stress the pace, timing, and legitimacy dimensions tointroduce resource regime changes. Colombia and Peru exemplify how eliteperceptions of LSM's fragile hegemony underpin the jurisdictional pathways tocriminalize ASM. In the first case via an elite boomerang: scale-jumping tocircumvent a congressional vote as an urgent matter. In the second, preemptiveelite practice: the scalar reconfiguration of national government'sattributions preceded by early regulatory transformations. ASM heterotopicimagination subsumes the sector under a hierarchy of environmental damage,leading to improvement projects that reposition LSM as a preferable extractiondeveloper, environmental steward, and territorial authority. Data comes from ayear of fieldwork in Colombia and Peru, including 72 interviews with elite andnon-elite actors and the documentary analysis of congressional journals, courtproceedings, legislation, media, amongst other sources.
Puedes descargar el artículo completo aquí. (válido hasta el 1 de agosto 2022)